Melatonin in a Special Slo-Release matrix which releases melatonin gradually over a period of 2-4 hours.
Melatonin is a hormone secreted in the human body by the pineal gland. It is manufactured in that gland from serotonin. It is believed that manufacturing and secreting melatonin is the sole function of the pineal gland.
Melatonin supplementation is used principally for:
Helping to sleep
Reducing the effects of jet-lag
As a powerful antioxidant
Several double blind studies have shown that melatonin supplementation is effective in promoting sleep when melatonin levels are low. If one takes melatonin when levels are not reduced, then it has reportedly no effect. The reason for this is that the body normally secretes melatonin just before bedtime. Darkness stimulates melatonin secretion while light suppresses it. This process is all controlled by an internal body clock governing hormonal secretions and is called "natural circadian rhythm". Low melatonin levels are considered a very common cause of sleeplessness.
In jet-lag, the natural body clock may not allow for secretion of melatonin at the appropriate time, thereby making melatonin supplementation useful.
These tablets must be swallowed whole. They may not be crushed or dissolved in liquids because that would destroy the Slo-Release matrix that lengthens the tablet’s dissolving time. They may be swallowed with food such as applesauce, mashed potatoes or peanut butter followed by some water.